CARBON FARMING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS WITH SMARAGDFA® -100% COMPLIANCE-

 
 
 

Introduction

 

On 18th of July 2019 in the South-Western part of Hungary the first carbon farm in Europe was inaugurated in the presence of people of high responsibility.

Carbon farming offers a brand new, progressive method in climate mitigation while its C4 type hybrids and the solution itself are targeting all Sustainable Development Goals (SDG or SD Goals) defined by the United Nations.

So that a cross-compliance has been than done with the 17 SD Goals and Targets.

As a result of an extensive work, we are convinced that carbon farming – while initiating a paradigm shift with the CO2 categorization – offers a progressive, extended value chain in climate mitigation.

Its implementation would improve and accelerate our efforts in climate mitigation and it would offer worldwide advantages for those in need, as well.

Thanks to the extended value chain of the given solution, energetic self-sufficiency is a must in the projects like this.

Carbon farming and the 24 advantages of SMARAGDFA® (selected hybrid), itself (1-24) with 10 advantages which occur in case of world-wide production of the plant (P1-P10) are related to the SDG targets.

Cross-compliance has been done through the attached advantage list.

Carbon farm & SMARAGDFA® advantages Related Sustainable Development Goals and Targets
    Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
11. The large leaves of SMARAGDFA® (up to 70 cm) improve micro climate conditions through creating shadow and increasing evaporation. 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.
    Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
12. The leaves have high protein content for animal feeding. After 4 weeks they can supply livestock (e.g. for goats, geese, etc.).

13.  After defoliation, the falling leaves with their high nitrogen concentration can excellently improve the soil quality.

15. Both the young leaves and the petals offer new gastronomic dimensions and challenges The leaves after a slight steaming can be stuffed with rice and meat, while the petal offers a special tea.

17. Its high nectar production is a base for honey manufacturing. It tastes like vanilla. The transparent honey can be mixed with other honey types as a quality booster.

19. Blossoming and the petals offer raw material for cosmetics and gastronomy.

21. After final exploitation (24-30 years) the trunk of SMARAGDFA® is supposed to offer a perfect habitat for mushroom production.

 

2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
P3: The excellent genetic characteristics of SMARAGDFA® are requesting a controlled genome deposit using a certified genome bank. Such an institution should work transparently and efficiently. 2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
    Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
10.  Firing SMARAGDFA®results in less contaminating residues than other fossils.

20.  On the surface of leaves dust, pollen and soot can be accumulated while the latter is decreasing smog. Consequently, we can have healthier environment.

 

3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
14. Leaves contain niacin (energizing vitamin). Its pharmaceutical use could offer new perspectives for natural medicines.

 

3.b Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
     Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
P5: The listed usefulness variations of carbon farms and SMARAGDFA® following a thoroughly cross-checking can become organic parts of the knowledge about sustainable development. 4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
     Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
P2: The carbon farm plantations, symbiotic cultures and laboratory multiplication of clones offer continuous and also high quality employment for women. 5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
    Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
3. Both the carbon farm and the trees are useful for desiccation of waste water and they can decontaminate the polluted soil and waters. SMARAGDFA® can be planted on rubbish-shoots, since its vertical root system filters the dangerous compounds. 6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
    Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern   energy for all
23. The leaves can be used for biogas production while the biomass or trunk is excellent for second generation bioethanol production.

24. From its biomass through pyrolysis process, methanol can be produced as future green fuel.

5. Its calorific value is competing with the brown coal (lignite) due to its high lignin content.

7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
P6: To facilitate access to green energy worldwide, we are planning to share knowledge through a network of SMARAGDFA® academics or conferences. 7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
   Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
6. Its trunk is light (300 kg/m3) but the tree itself is considered to be a medium-hard tree. The ratio of its strength and weight is outstanding. 8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
18. The large flowers of the trees (ca.   20-25 cm) with their blue-purple color can offer a tourist attraction. 8.9 By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
    Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
22. It could serve as a base for paper production because of its high level of cellulose content.

7. The tree is an excellent raw material for furniture industry. Old industries/professions can be revitalized like barrel production or wooden sculpture.

9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

 

P4: Further scientific researches and tests have to be done for certifying or even enlarging the usefulness of SMARAGDFA®. 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
    Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
P7: The planting of SMARAGDFA® and the maintenance of carbon plantations are equally possible in less developed countries. 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
    Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
8. Its high fire resistance (ignition point is about 400 °C) increases security in both living settlements and surroundings. 11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
10.  Firing SMARAGDFA®results in less contaminating residues than other fossils.

20.  On the surface of leaves dust, pollen and soot can be accumulated while the latter is decreasing smog. Thus consequently we can have a healthier environment.

11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
16. Its beautiful flower can enrich public spaces, school gardens and hospital surroundings. 11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
P8: The cities and living settlement that create carbon farms or eco-islands with SMARAGDFA® are immediately targeting several goals of SDG while they are decreasing environmental risks. They are improving micro climate at the same time as well. 11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
6. Its trunk is light (300 kg/m3) but the tree itself is considered to be a medium-hard tree. The ration of its strength and weight is outstanding.

8. Its high fire resistance (ignition point is about 400 °C) increases security in both living settlements and surroundings.

11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local material.
    Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
4. Thanks to its fast growing, SMARAGDFA®

can produce 0.6-1m3  wood by the end of the 8th year.

12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
9.  High melting point of its ash (1.100-1.200 °C) can be mixed with low quality biomass to improve the boiler capacity. 12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
P5: The listed usefulness variations of carbon farms and SMARAGDFA® following a thoroughly cross-checking can become organic parts of the knowledge about sustainable development. 12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
P9: The knowledge and the case studies about the tree and the farms can improve the resilience of sustainable agricultural methods in developing countries. 12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
   Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
P10: Knowledge of carbon farming and the method of planting SMARAGDFA® is part of the know-how that is to be transferred to developing countries by the donor countries. 13.a Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
   Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
P1: The planted SMARAGDFA® farms on the continents can slow down the acidification of oceans and seas. 14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
   Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
1. Its vertical roots can protect hillsides and decrease erosion. 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
4. Thanks to its fast growing, SMARAGDFA®

can produce 0.6-1m3 wood by the end of the 8th year.

15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
2. Its root length can reach 8 m by the end of the 5th year, and pump water with necessary materials for its own development. With special technology it can be planted in different soils including deserted areas. 15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
P3: The excellent genetic characteristics of SMARAGDFA® are requesting a controlled genome deposit using a certified genome bank. Such an institution should work transparently and efficiently. 15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
18. The large flowers of the trees (ca.   20-25 cm) with their blue-purple color can offer a tourist attraction. 15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
   Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
P3: The excellent genetic characteristics of SMARAGDFA® are requesting a controlled genome deposit using a certified genome bank. Such an institution should work transparently and efficiently. 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Finance
P10: Knowledge of carbon farming and plantation of SMARAGDFA is part of the know-how to be offered to developing countries by the donor countries. 17.2 Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national income for official development assistance (ODA/GNI) to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
P6: To facilitate access to green energy worldwide, we are planning to share knowledge through a network of SMARAGDFA® academics or conferences. 17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

 

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